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Greenville Hall, Dublin, Ireland 1925-1985
Descended from rabbis and cantors in his grandparents' generation, Cantor Mike grew up in a learned and musical conservadox family. Religious life centered around the weekly Sabbath - Shabbat, a day of prayer and meditation,
food, rest, and leisure. Friday evenings, we lit candles, made "Kiddush" and "HaMotzi" to welcome the Sabbath, and enjoyed a kosher chicken with roasted potatoes, tzimmes, lokshen kugel, and the occasional chulent delight when
staying over for Shabbos in Seagate, Brooklyn, steps from the ocean, with my Nanny Dora and Poppy David. After
dinner, our home was filled with zemirot (songs) or "zemiros" as we called our spirited chanting of Birkat HaMazon
(Grace after Meals) and Jewish song (hear Cantor Mike at 14 reluctantly sing a new melody with Poppy David and family) .
But first, a gleisel of tei! (glass of tea) with Nanny Dora's famous apple cake and mandel broit, and a little fruit compote
on the side. Nanny herself was partial to a Swiss fudge Stella Doro cookie and a "shtickel" chocolate (a piece of).
After shul, a meal, and a Shabbos afternoon nap, weather permitting, we would go sailing or play tennis as a family.
Those were the days!
My Nanny Ray & Poppy Wolf (Dublin, Ireland)
Rachel Garb, z'l (b. 1898, Warsaw, Poland - 1980) was a proud woman, who believed strongly in etiquette and table
manners, whose maiden name was Welt (an aristocratic family). Great Grandma Welt married Solomon Rosenstrauch,
who was known as the Herring King of Eastern Europe (pickled that is!) until he washed his hands of the herring business, leaving Poland to trade in diamonds, in Antwerp, Belgium, in the 1920's. When her husband passed in 1953, Rachel remained true, and lived her life alone in Dublin, until her passing, 27 years later. Nanny recalls having more than one offer to remarry, but stayed faithful to Wolf's memory, as she once intimated, "Michael, I remained faithful because your grandfather was the love of my life. He would take my hand and say to me, "Rachel, you are my rose!" (Rachel, in her Yiddishe/Irish brogue remembers how she met and fell in love with Wolf, recorded the week of my Bar Mitzvah! My Poppy didn't make such a good first impression. "It was during the first World War, Pinya brought a soldier friend to the house"...)
As a child, my fondest memories of Nanny Ray were during her occasional visits from Dublin. Every morning we dipped our hands in a pot of melted hot wax, over and over, making wax finger casts, to soothe Nanny's rheumatism and arthritis, exacerbated by the cold, damp sea air of Ireland. And playing piano for her was grand - show tunes and Yiddish folk
songs - while she sang... her favorite classic? "Young at Heart".
Cantor Rev. Wolf Garb, z'l (orig. Garbarz, 1899-1953) was born in Warsaw, Poland. As a child my grandfather was a
singing prodigy and held the position of chief choirboy soprano soloist for legendary cantor, Gershon Sirota, in the
Great Synagogue of Warsaw, on Tlomackie Square. (For those who know, the esteemed Cantor Moshe Koussevitzsky,
a mere teen himself, stood next to Wolf, in Leo Loew's famous choir). After serving as an officer in the Polish army during WWI, Wolf married Rachel in 1921, then traveled Europe, and held various cantorial positions in Belgium, London, Manchester, and finally Dublin, Ireland, where he held the post of Chief Cantor with revered Rabbi Isaac Herzog z'l, at the Orthodox "Greenville Hall" shul. Our family settled in Ireland in 1930. During the 1930s, Wolf auditioned for the Italian opera, Pagliacci, and was chosen to play Canio, the lead role. However, when the synagogue found out, they forbade him to appear; his beautiful dramatic tenor could only be heard in a religious context.
Each of my father's siblings was born in a different country - a United Nations unto themselves! My father, Theodore, was born in Manchester, England. Why not settle in England, a modern, cultured society with a thriving Jewish community? Well, my grandparents experienced the growing rise of anti-semitism in Europe, fueled by Nazism, and remembered that Ireland had remained neutral in WWI. Eire was a safe haven to raise a family and to live a Jewish life, freely. After WWII, my grandparents traveled to Warsaw, Poland, and to Antwerp, Belgium, to see what had become of our family and sizable "yerasha" (inheritance). All was lost, and sadly, nearly all had perished in the Holocaust - over 200 souls, an unthinkable number for one family!
My Poppy Wolf longed to bring his family to America after the war, but the United States government refused to
grant him a permanent visa. They considered him Polish, not Irish, and with so many Eastern European refugees
fleeing Europe, they granted him only a six month's stay. Wolf made the most of it, visiting with family and auditioning
for a cantorial position in Boston at the prestigious conservative synagogue, Temple Mishkan Tefila, affectionately
known as Leonard Bernstein's shul. Their beloved cantor, Isidore Glickstein, had recently passed, and over 50 cantors from around the world came to Boston in 1947 to audition for the post. I can proudly say that my Poppy was chosen as cantor. He officiated High Holyday services there that year and stayed on until his visa expired in March
of 1948. The congregation did everything in their power to help grant a permanent visa to Wolf and his family, but it was
to no avail. My grandfather returned home to Dublin, where he lived the remaining few years of his life, heart-broken,
his dream of emigrating to America, and concertizing, singing opera and Jewish song, unfulfilled.
While in Boston, my Poppy sang cantorial, Yiddish, and Jewish folk music on Fisher's Yiddish radio station, weekly. However, the only surviving recording of Cantor Rev. Wolf Garb's voice comes from a Friday evening service at
Temple Mishkan Tefila, when his microphone on the bimah was secretly wired to a rudimentary recording device.
Upon his return to Dublin, the congregation presented him with this vinyl record as a parting gift.
Hear a sampling of this rare live recording:
Cantor Rev. Wolf Garb and choir, Temple Mishkan Tefila, Boston, MA 1947 (Solomon Braslavsky, choirmaster):
Kiddush (Blessing over Wine) Adon Olam "Master of the Universe" VeTaheir Libeinu "Turn our Hearts unto You"
VeShomru "The Children of Israel Shall Observe the Sabbath" Rabbi Herzog's Shabbat Favorite "Reader's Kaddish"
The first cantorial music ever recorded was by Gershon Sirota in 1902. Six years later, my grandfather, Wolf, was chosen
as chief choirboy soprano soloist (age 9), in the Great Synagogue of Warsaw. Hear Wolf at 9 singing "Kevakoras Roeh Edro" from "Unesanetokef" a High Holiday duet with Cantor Gershon Sirota. Listen to more Wolf Garb recordings on You Tube.
Rabbi David Garb, z'l (1910-1971, Wolf's brother) sings Menashe (Yiddish Folk Song) "Menashe! Menashe!" pleads his wife, "Go to work and support our family. Torah study can wait!.." Chazzan for a Shabbos (YFS) "A cantor came to a shtetl (small Jewish town) one Shabbos (Shabbat) for an audition..."
My great uncle David Garb was a celebrated rabbi/cantor in South Africa and England before and after WWII.
My Nanny Dora & Poppy David (Brooklyn, NY)
Dora Kreitstein, z'l (b. 1900, Warsaw, Poland -1996)
In my eyes, my Nanny Dora was living, breathing history. If you asked her who she was as a person, she would say this:
"I was a business girl. Customers would come into our furniture store, Reliable Upholsterers, on Church Avenue in Brooklyn, and ask 'Where's Dora? I only do business with Dora'... When I was a girl of 13, 14 years, I was a smuggler,
that's right, a smuggler! I used to smuggle necessary food items into Poland during the war (WWI)... I was a lively girl with beautiful blue eyes. Once, a German soldier on the train was staring at me. I thought he was suspicious. I was so nervous, I didn't know what to think. Then he said in German, 'Froilein, your eyes are killing me!'... And the cousins in Warsaw, they couldn't wait till Dora came to town. There was Pinya, Velvel, and David. Pinya and Velvel were students, but your grandfather, he was the only one who made a living. I didn't marry for love. He was a shy boychik (boy) and I took "rachmonos" (pity) on him."
The year before Nanny Dora passed, at 96, we had these conversations, on her terrace overlooking the ocean,
at Beach 46th St., Seagate, Brooklyn, mixing English with Yiddish:
How Nanny Dora knew that Poppy David was her "bashert"
Nanny Dora has "rachmonos" (pity, sympathy) for Poppy David
Nanny Dora shares more insight into her choice of a husband
Nanny Dora gives dating advice to her grandson, a young, single Cantor Mike
Nanny Dora, a girl of 9, keeps her sister Leah's secret
I was a smuggler during the first World War (1914-1918)
Looking at my father he said, "This old man we're gonna kill." Oy gevalt!
When the "Lamed Vav" angel visited our home on Shabbos in 1913
David Winderbaum, z'l (b. 1904, Bialystok, Poland - 1995)
Who was my Poppy David? Well, for one, a master upholsterer and furniture maker. He apprenticed in Warsaw, and brought his skills to America in 1928, opening "Reliable Upholsterers" on Church Avenue, in Brooklyn, NY. So precise were his measurements, he could measure fabric for a chair or a couch and have no remnant left over. He had great fingers, and when he made a piece of furniture, you know it was quality and going to last. Visit my mom and sit in her living room chairs, crafted by her father, 65 years ago - not a squeak or tear, maybe a little faded - but beautiful, even today!
Lessons I learned from my Poppy David? He would say to me in his thick Polish/Yiddish accent, "Dere's no subshtitute for exshperience. I read about it in de New York Times." On education, "You learn your whole life, you die a fool." On saving, "A Jew has vhat he tears avay - take it from de top and put it in de bank." On his choice of ice-cream flavors? Vanilla is the best, "Vhat you need chocolate for? Vanilla is pure! Dere's no additives." On the subject of earning a living, since my early childhood, I remember my Nanny and Poppy visiting my family in Seaford on Sundays, and Poppy sitting down with me in our living room and saying, "So Michael, vhat do you vant to be vhen you grow up? A doctor? A lawyer? An accountant maybe? I vent to de doctor de udder day. He took a look, here, dere - a hundred dollars!" Then leaning in closer, as if no one should hear, "Michael, if you're a doctor, you'll earn a thousand dollars a day!" Such encouragement, planting of seeds... but we were a family of business people, teachers, rabbis and cantors!
Poppy David, 83 years young, chants the Blessing for Rosh Chodesh"Blessing of the New Month". Nanny Dora wants more, but Poppy says he can't go on, his throat is dry, and then he asks a "funny" question about breathing when singing, and a humorous response ensues - listen to and enjoy classic Poppy David and Theo Garb (daddy) humor!
Poppy David, at 75, introduces with Nanny Dora, then sings a Yiddish love song followed by a Polish love song.
More family history - photos, video, audio and stories - coming soon...
Nanny Dora & Poppy David, 1984
Warsaw, Poland 1921 Dublin, Ireland 1940's Polish Army WWI Manchester 1929 Dublin 1930's
Top: My Mom, Sister Ilise, Poppy David
Bottom: Nanny Dora, Cousin Alice
Ilise's Wedding 1949
A Ceremony Just for You
Nanny Dora & Me, Greenport, LI 1995
Dora & Dave, Brooklyn, NY 1928